Sunday, 22 July 2018

Vishav ka sabse purana computer. (World's most ancient computer)

           Vishav ka sabse purana computer            (World's most ancient computer)  

  Kya sach me computer ki khoj 19 century 💯 me hui thi. Hum zyaadater to ye he jaante hai ki duniaa ka pahla computer 1822 me Charles Babbage ne banayaa tha. Kya sach me aisa he tha ya phir iss tarah ki technology pahle se he viksat ho chuki thi jisko humne baad me kisi wajah se iss technology ko kho diya tha.Ha friends aaj hum aisi he ek device ke baare me jaanenge jisse ye prove ho jaata hai ki computer jaisi technology 1822 ke computer se bhi pahle hi viksat ho chuki thi. 
                 Friends hum iss content me aisi device jiska naam Antykyhera Mechanism hai ke baare me jaanenge. Ye ek iss tarah ka analog computer tha jo apne samay se bahut he zyaada advanced tha. Ye mechanism moon 🌜 based computer tha aisa me kyu kah raha hu iske bare me aage bataaunga. To friends chalte hai apne content taraf. 


  1.                                Anticythera mechanism 


 Moon Based Analog computer
                           

  1.             Kya hai Anticythera mechanism? (What is the Anticythera Mechanism) 

Anticythera mechanism ek moon based analog computer hai jiski khoj lagbhag 2100 saal pahle hui thi but iski khoj kisne ki thi uske baare me aaj tak pata nahi chala. Hame itna hi pata hai ki iski khoj Greeks ke logon ne ki thi aisa mai kyu kah raha hu iske bare me aage history point me bataunga. Iss mechanism me kai tarah ke unique gears and switches lagi hui the isi gears ki wajah se ye mechanism kaam karta tha. Isme kuch kaante lage hue the jo ki chaand ki position ko predict karte the.

2. Anticythera mechanism ka itihaas.(History of Anticythera Mechanism)

  Asal me ye baat 16 may 1902 ki hai jab ek Archaeologist jika name Valerious Stairs tha usne Greek ke island Anticythera me gota lagaya yahan se use ek vyapari jahaj mila tha jisme kai tarah ke khajaane ke bhandaar, vines and beautiful kalakruityaa thi. Ye sara kuchh Roman ,Greek se loot kar lekar ja rahe the. Iss ship ⛵ me jo kuch bhi mila tha vo bahut ancient matlab pracheen tha. Usi me ek chota sa box bhi tha aur isi box me ye mechanism tha. Pahle sabhi ne isse najar andaaj kya but baad me jab us par research kya gaya tab scientist jaan kar hairaan rah gae ki ye kisi parkaar ka mechanism hai. Bus yahi se scientists ke man me kai tarah ke questions create hone lage ki iss device ko kyu banaya gaya kaise banaya gya ,ye mechanism kaise kaam karta hai. Bahut zyada jang laga rahne ke chalte ise khola nahi ja sakta tha iske parts ko alag alag nahi kya ja sakta tha. Kyunki friends ye mechanism Anticythera island se mila tha iss lie iska naam anticythera mechanism rakh diya tha.

3.            Iss computer ko kyu banaya gaya tha. (Why was made this computer)

      Iss computer ko kyu banaya gaya iss question ka answer dhoondne ke liye iske ander jhankna jarooi tha but jang ki wajah se isse khol nahi sakte the isi iss device ko scan karne ke bina aur rasta nahi tha. 
                  X ray machine se scan karne ke baad jo detail mili tab scientists dang rah gae kyunki humare paas jo history ki knowledge hai uske according uss samay me  ye technology  possible nahi thi. Uss mechanism me 47 alag -alag tarah ke gears lage hue the vo bhi bilkul unique tareeke se aur isi mechanism ko control karne ke lie kuch switches lagy hui thi. Issi research se pata chala ki ye device duniaa ki pahli computer thi . 

4. Ye mechanism kaam kaise karta tha (How was this works) 

Issi sawaal ka jawaab khojne ke lie mechanical engineer Michael Right ne x-ray data se mili information ke base par ek duplicate machine banai usse pata chala ki ye computer greek astronomer duaara banaya gaya tha. Machine ke kante hamaare solar system ke planets ko predict. Center me hamara earth planet hai and others planets and moon and sun iss planet ke chaaro aur ghoom rahe hai jaisa ki greeks astronomer maante the.
         Hamara moon Earth ke cerculer path me na hokar lefty path me matlab ki jab moon earth ke paas hota hai to tezi se move karta hai door hone par slow move karta hai iss baat ka bhi dhyaan rakha gaya tha. Agar device ko moon ke cerculer path ke according banaya jataa to device eclipses ko galat samay par predict karta but creater ne iske geares ko itni bariki se banaya ki ye moon ki exect variable motion ko predict karti thi. Ye future ke eclipses ko bhi batane ki possibility rakhti thi. Anticythera mechanism eclipses ke saath -saatj exect date and time bhi batati thi. Yahin nahi isse ye bho pata chal jata tha ki eclipse kis colour ka hoga. 
    Hairaan karne waali baat ye hai ki duniaa ki sabse pahli mechanical clock 14th century 💯  me banai gai thi, ye mechanical bahut chote akaar ki thi, jabki iske kareeb 1500 saal pahle bani Anticythera mechanism chote box ke akaar me banayaa gaya tha iske geares apne samay se bahut aage the. 
          
    I hope 🙏 now you know that computer technology is not modern technology it is so oldest technology. Thanks for read 📘 this content. 
    Friends agar aapko ye content pasand ayaa to please comment jaroor karna aur apne doston ko bhi share karna. 

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